Heart rate monitoring sensor

Heart rate monitoring is one of the most sought-after biometric sensing technologies available today for people of all fitness levels, from serious athletes looking to improve athletic performance to people simply seeking a healthier, more active lifestyle. Accurate HRM enables precise calculation of expended calories, making it easier to maintain dieting regimens.

Traditionally, heart rate measurement has been limited to the use of chest straps linked to an external device, such as a specialized fitness watch or a smartphone. These HRM solutions pose unique problems: chest straps are often inconvenient and uncomfortable to wear while smartphones can be difficult to monitor when running or cycling.

Wrist-based HRM technology changes the biometric monitoring game by providing a more convenient, comfortable way to measure heart rate rivaling the accuracy of chest-strap-based designs. The measured results vary widely, and many of these HRM solutions are costly as well as power hungry, reducing battery life. Complex motion artifacts also combine to make wrist-based HRM a complicated design challenge.

Now Silicon Labs has introduced an optical heart rate sensing solution designed to reduce the cost and complexity of wrist-based heart rate monitoring (HRM) applications. The new Si1144 HRM solution includes a low-power optical sensor module paired with an energy-friendly EFM32 Gecko microcontroller (MCU) running Silicon Labs’ advanced HRM algorithm. The small-footprint Si1144 sensor module integrates an optical sensor, green light-emitting diode (LED), LED drivers supporting up to two external LEDs, analog-to-digital converter (ADC), control logic and an I2C digital interface.

According to Silicon Labs’ market estimates, 100 million units of HRM-enabled devices will be sold per year by 2018, with the majority of those units being wrist-based wearables. Silicon Labs’ Si1144 HRM solution addresses this large and growing market across a wide range of wearables including activity-tracking fitness bands, pedometers and smart watches, in addition to providing HRM capabilities for gym fitness equipment, bathroom scales and geriatric monitoring devices.

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