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‘Master switch’ gene for obesity and diabetes discovered

Study highlights the regulatory gene as a possible target for future treatments to fight these diseases



Gene responsible for severe osteoporosis disorder discovered

Study gives vital insight into possible causes of and highlights the gene as a potential target for treating the condition



Genetic switch discovered that turns on pain

Researchers studied the mechanics of the pain gene known as substance-P - first shown to be involved in chronic inflammatory pain more than 30 years ago



Antibody response trigger discovered

Researchers have discovered a trigger that induces B cells to produce effective and long-lived antibodies early in the immune response.



Newly discovered kinase regulates cytoskeleton

Scientists have identified a previously unknown kinase that regulates cell proliferation, shape and migration, and may play a major role in the progression or metastasis of cancer cells.



Brain tumour growth switch discovered

A recent study shows that a molecule called miR-451 coordinates the grow-or-go behaviour of tumour cells, and that the change is accompanied by slower cell proliferation and an increase in cell migration.



Pancreatic oncogene discovered

Researchers have found that PKC-iota, an oncogene important in colon and lung cancers, is over-produced in pancreatic cancer and is linked to poor patient survival.



Key EBV mechanism discovered

A team of researchers identified the function of a protein which plays a critical role in the proliferation of the Epstein-Barr virus which can induce cancer.



New pondlife on nature reserve discovered

One year in to a project to save one of the UK's top sites for pondlife, amazing new species are being revealed for the first time.



New genes for lung disease discovered

Scientists have discovered five genetic variants that are associated with the health of the human lung. The research by an international consortium of 96 scientists from 63 centres in Europe and Australia sheds new light on the molecular basis of lung diseases.



New hydrogen-storage method discovered

Scientists at the Carnegie Institution have found for the first time that high pressure can be used to make a unique hydrogen-storage material.



Trigger of deadly food toxin discovered

Researchers for the first time have discovered what triggers a deadly toxin to form, which could lead to methods of limiting its production.



New antibacterial lead discovered

A promising discovery by McMaster University researchers has revealed an ideal starting point to develop new interventions for resistant infections.



Genes that cause melanoma discovered

Scientists from the Queensland Institute of Medical Research have found two new genes that together double a person's risk of developing melanoma.



Genetic evolution process discovered

In research published this week, researchers reports that a protein known as REST plays a central role in switching specific genes on and off, thereby determining how specific traits develop in offspring.



New arenavirus discovered, medical concern

Researchers have discovered the new virus responsible for a highly fatal hemorrhagic fever outbreak in Africa. It is the first new hemorrhagic fever-associated arenavirus from Africa identified in nearly four decades.



Newly discovered epidermal growth factor receptor

A pathologist has identified an epidermal growth factor receptor aberrantly active in approximately a third of the 250 human pancreatic cancers studied.



Key protein in cellular respiration discovered

Researchers have discovered a new function for a protein in the mitochondrion that plays a key part in cell respiration.



Novel virus entry mechanism discovered

Scientists working with Vaccinia virus, the smallpox vaccine, have discovered a novel mechanism that allows poxviruses to enter cells and cause infection.



Blood biomarkers discovered for Alzheimer's disease

PerkinElmer Inc and Predictive Diagnostics Inc, a subsidiary of Large Scale Biology Corporation, have found a series of biomarkers that appear to differ in persons with Alzheimer's Disease compared with persons without cognitive impairment, using a simple blood test.



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