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Bone cells' branches sense stimulation

A long-standing question in bone biology has been answered: It is the spindly extensions of bone cells that sense mechanical stimulation and signal the release of bone-growth factors, according to research.

Obese moms face more risk of early births

A new study shows overweight and obese women face greater risks of preterm births. Their babies may suffer serious health problems from being born too soon, especially earlier than 32 weeks.

Taking music seriously

A recent review brings together converging research from the scientific literature linking musical training to learning that spills over to skills including language, speech, memory, attention and even vocal emotion.

Rapid growth, fewer offspring

Biologists working on guppies report that rapid growth responses to increased food availability after a period of growth restriction early in life have repercussions in adulthood.

Depression overlooked in patients with hepatitis C

Researchers have observed that depressive symptoms in patients with hepatitis C virus infection are commonly overlooked in routine clinical interviews, and that treatment-induced depression compromises the outcome of HCV therapy.

Analysing cerebral bioelectricity

Researchers have presented a new algorithm that uses a new method to analyse the information obtained from electroencephalograms to detect...

Criminalisation of drugs and drug users fuels HIV

Strict laws on the criminalisation of drug use and drug users are fuelling the spread of HIV and other serious harms associated with the...

Smoking Mind Over Smoking Matter

A new study shows why nicotine patches and gum are ineffective and may provide the basis for more successful psychologically-based smoking cessation programs.

Pregnancy intentions of HIV-positive women

A report issued by the Program on International Health and Human Rights at the Harvard School of Public Health proposes a new research agenda to address the sexual and reproductive health and rights of HIV-positive women.

Weaning children from the bottle

Family doctors and pediatricians can influence when parents wean their children from the bottle, thereby helping to reduce tooth decay, obesity and iron deficiency, according to a new study.

Pain, dry mouth play role in sleep quality

Head and neck cancer patients who reported poor sleep quality one year after diagnosis had more symptoms of chronic pain and complaints of dry mouth related to radiation treatments, according to a recent study.

Water's role in blood pressure control

Name a drink that can make you more alert for late-night studying, prevent you from fainting after giving blood, and even promote a teensy bit of weight loss.

Anti-clotting drug helps bedridden patients

A treatment plan used to prevent potentially dangerous blood clots in recovering surgical patients can also benefit some patients immobilized by acute medical illness, doctors have found in a multi-institutional study.

Variables influence chronic lower-back pain management

Researchers investigating the relevance of health literacy in patients with chronic lower back pain found that LBP-related beliefs and behaviors affect a person's disability more than pain intensity or a standard measure of functional...

Personalized approach to smoking cessation

New evidence suggests that combining information about a smoker's genetic makeup with his or her smoking habits can accurately predict which nicotine replacement therapy will work best.

Weak-willed or just too much dopamine?

Researchers have shown that increased levels of dopamine make us more likely to opt for instant gratification, rather than waiting for a...

Gestational diabetes linked to serotonin

The cause of diabetes during pregnancy is directly controlled by serotonin, a chemical produced by the body and normally known as a neurotransmitter, and is influenced by the amount of protein in the mother's diet early in pregnancy.

Model Predicts Individual's Vitamin D Needs

Your skin tone and the amount of sunshine you receive--in addition to what foods you eat--all can influence the amount of vitamin D that your body has on hand for optimum health.

Incidence and reproduction numbers of pertussis

Analyses of serological and social contact data from five European countries show that childhood vaccination against Bordetella pertussis has shifted the burden of infection from children to adolescents and adults.

Severe sepsis among black patients

A greater frequency of severe sepsis among black patients is attributable to higher rates of infection and higher risks of organ dysfunction than what white patients experience, according to a study.

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