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How the brain believes

Research suggests that the estimation of confidence that underlies decisions may be the product of a basic kind of processing in the brain.

Controlling blood vessel development

The development and repair of heart tissue and blood vessels is intimately tied to a tiny piece of miRNA that is found nowhere else in the body.

Adherence to antiretroviral therapy high

Researchers are the first to report that adherence to antiretroviral therapy to fight human immunodeficiency virus in children who live in low income countries is high.

Common forebrain formation

Scientists have identified one of the molecular mechanisms underlying the genetic brain malformation called holoprosencephaly.

Treat hepatitis C early

Patients who receive early treatment for Hepatitis C virus early develop a rapid poly-functional immune response to the virus similar to when infection is erradicated.

Reversing organ function decline

As people age, their cells become less efficient at getting rid of damaged protein - resulting in a buildup of toxic material that is...

Early antibiotic use leads to wheezing

Children given antibiotics early in life often wheeze at about 15 months of age due to the presence of chest infections.

African circumcision ambivalence continues

Male circumcision efforts lag in Africa despite evidence of dramatic impact in preventing HIV. World leaders have urged an increase in the life-saving procedure for nations at greatest risk.

Anti-anaemia drug dangers

A recent study has demonstrated that Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents, a widely used drug to treat anaemia, may have a negative impact on the survival of myeloma patients.

Revised HIV treatment guidelines

An evaluation of recent data has led to an update in the guidelines and recommendations for anti-retroviral treatment of adult HIV...

Self-repairing cartilage

A strain of mice with the natural ability to repair damaged cartilage may one day lead to significant improvements in treatment of human knee, shoulder and hip injuries.

Happiness differs for men and women

Less able to achieve their life goals, women end up unhappier than men later in life - even though they start out happier, reveals new research.

Oestrogen improves memory

Oestrogen not only sharpens mental performance in women with certain conditions, but recharging oestrogen receptors in the brain may also sharpen cognition.

Shutting down lung inflammation

A new discovery could lead to treatments which turn off the inflammation in the lungs caused by influenza and other infections, according to a study.

Bad air causes high blood pressure

A recently conducted study is the first to report a direct link between air pollution and its impact on high blood pressure, or hypertension.

Gallbladder removal without incision

Surgeons have performed a gallbladder removal without having to make a single external incision, reducing pain, speeding recovery, and minimising visible scarring.

Receptor blockers prevent onset of Alzheimer's

Angiotensin receptor blockers, a class of anti-hypertensive medicines, has been linked with a striking decrease in the occurrence and progression of dementia.

Advance in pre-eclampsia understanding

Recent mice studies have shed light on pre-eclampsia, a serious and potentially deadly disorder that affects some pregnancies.

Cigarette smoke increases infections

Researchers may have discovered the reason why cigarette smoke tends to increase the severity of the flu and other viral infections.

Roots of social difficulties

Recent research is revealing the mechanisms responsible for social difficulties in autism. The findings may prove relevant to mechanisms in every brain.

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