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Cancer reduction of fruit, vegetables weak

An analysis by researchers of over eight years of dietary data from more than 400,000 people has found that the relationship between high consumption of fruits and vegetables and a reduced risk of cancer is not as strong as commonly...

Exercise in pregnancy reduces size of offspring

According to a new study, regular moderate-intensity aerobic exercise led to a modest reduction in offspring birth weight without restricting the development of maternal insulin resistance.

Cryptococcus' affinity for brains

Highly dangerous Cryptococcus fungi love sugar and will consume it anywhere because it helps them reproduce. In particular, they thrive on a sugar called inositol which is abundant in the human brain and spinal cord.

Personalising medicine to prevent pandemics

A scientist describes how computer modelling could be a powerful tool to allow treatments to be tailored to individuals. This approach could ultimately prevent future pandemics.

How immune cells 'sniff out' bacteria

Scientists are learning how our immune system senses and tracks down infection in the body by responding to chemical "scents" emitted by bacteria.

Do words hurt?

A team of researchers showed in a study for the first time it is not only the painful memories and associations that set our pain memory on...

Advances in improving Hep A treatment

A research article could lead to improvements in the production of vaccines for hepatitis A, the most widespread viral disease in the world.

A natural fruit compound may help asthma

Researchers found a compound from a New Zealand blackcurrant may reduce lung inflammation with a multi-action assault in allergy-induced asthma.

Compulsive eating linked to drug addiction

In a newly published study, scientists have shown for the first time that the same molecular mechanisms that drive people into drug addiction are behind the compulsion to overeat, pushing people into obesity.

Normalising blood sugars in diabetes

Researchers have identified a new strategy for treating type 2 diabetes, identifying a cellular pathway that fails when people become obese.

Optimism Boosts the Immune System

In a new study, psychological scientists studied how law students' expectations about the future affected their immune response. Their conclusions: Optimism may be good for your health.

New theory of Down Syndrome

A recent study shows that a deficiency of a protein in the brain of Down syndrome patients could contribute to the cognitive impairment and congenital heart defects that characterise the syndrome.

Binge drinking doesn't affect test-taking

Binge drinking the night before a test does not impact college students' test performance - although it can affect their moods, attention and reaction times.

MRSA infection rates in HIV patients

HIV-infected patients are at a markedly increased risk for community acquired Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections according to a new study by researchers.

Breakthrough for babies born with severe cleft palates

Scientists working on a treatment for babies born with cleft palates have made a promising breakthrough and the first clinical trials are planned for early next year.

Cultural divide in ability to recognise sensual sounds

An F1000 evaluation looks at a British study of how the six basic human emotions are universally recognised but other positive emotions are culturally specific.

Pesticide linked to developmental delays

Exposure to the pesticide chlorpyrifos-which is banned for use in U.S. households but is still widely used throughout the agricultural industry-is associated with early childhood developmental delays, according to a study.

Women do make men throw caution to the wind

The presence of an attractive woman elevates testosterone levels and physical risk taking in young men, according to a recent study.

Seaweed to tackle rising tide of obesity

Seaweed could hold the key to tackling obesity after it was found it reduces fat uptake by more than 75 per cent, new research has shown.

Babies are born to dance

Researchers from the University of York's Department of Psychology have discovered that infants respond to the rhythm and tempo of music and find it more engaging than speech.

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